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Unit summary

This unit is about understanding that individuals may have specific nutritional needs because of their experience of dementia. Learners will develop their knowledge and skills in meeting these nutritional requirements and be able to provide evidence of their competence to enable individuals with dementia to eat and drink well.


Assessment requirements

This unit needs to be assessed in line with the Skills for Care and Development QCF Assessment Principles.


Learning outcome 3 needs to be assessed in the workplace environment.


Additional Information


An individual is someone requiring care or support


Person-centred approach:

This is a way of working which aims to put the person at the centre of the care situation taking into account their individuality, wishes and preferences


Meal times:

  • meal planning

  • food shopping

  • food preparation

  • pre- and post-meal activities

  • dining

  • snacking.



Well-being:

  • appropriate weight gain/loss

  • improved sleep patterns

  • reduced confusion

  • improved physical health

  • improved emotional state

  • reduced infections.



Assessment methodology

Learning outcome 3 is assessed in the workplace or in conditions resembling the workplace. Learners can enter the types of evidence they are presenting for assessment and the submission date against each assessment criterion. Alternatively, centre documentation should be used to record this information.


Learning outcomes and assessment criteria



Learning outcomes

Assessment criteria

Evidence type

Portfolio reference

Date

1. Understand the nutritional needs that are unique to individuals with dementia

1.1 Describe how cognitive, functional and emotional changes associated with dementia can affect eating, drinking and nutrition

1.2 Explain how poor nutrition can contribute to an individual’s experience of dementia.

1.3 Outline how other health and emotional conditions may affect the nutritional needs of an individual with dementia


1.4 Explain the importance of recognising and meeting an individual’s personal and cultural preferences for food and drink.

1.5 Explain why it is important to include a variety of food and drink in the diet of an individual with dementia











2. Understand the effect that that mealtime environments can have on an individual with dementia

2.1 Describe how mealtime cultures and environments can be a barrier to meeting the nutritional needs of an individual with dementia

2.2 Describe how mealtime environments and food presentation can be designed to help an individual to eat and drink


2.3 Describe how a person centred approach can support an individual, with dementia at different levels of ability, to eat and drink











3. Be able to support an individual with dementia to enjoy good nutrition



3.1 Demonstrate how the knowledge of life history of an individual with dementia has been used to provide a diet that meets his/her preferences


3.2 Demonstrate how meal times for an individual with dementia are planned to support his/her ability to eat and drink


3.3 Demonstrate how the specific eating and drinking abilities and needs of an individual with dementia have been addressed


3.4 Demonstrate how a person centred approach to meeting nutritional requirements has improved the well-being of an individual with dementia














Learner name:

Date:

Learner signature:

Date:

Assessor signature:

Date:

Internal verifier signature:
(if sampled)

Date:




Unit 42: Enable Rights and Choices of Individuals with Dementia Whilst Minimising Risk

Unit code:

DEM 304

Unit reference number:

A/601/9191

QCF level:

3

Credit value:

4

Guided learning hours:

26



Unit summary

This unit is about developing the learner’s knowledge, understanding and skills in enabling the rights and choices of the individual with dementia whilst minimising risks.


Forbidden combinations

Learners taking the Edexcel Level 2 Diploma in Health and Social Care (Adults) for England (QCF) must not take this unit with:

Unit 40: Approaches to Enable rights and Choices for Individuals with Dementia whilst Minimising Risks (DEM 211, H/601/9282).

Assessment requirements

This unit needs to be assessed in line with the Skills for Care and Development QCF Assessment Principles.


Additional Information


Key legislation:

  • Human Rights Act 1998

  • Mental Capacity Act 2005

  • Adults with Incapacity (Scotland) Act 2000

  • Mental Health Act 2007

  • The Disability Discrimination Act 1995

  • Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act 2006

  • Carers (Equal Opportunities) Act 2004


Agreed ways of working:

Include policies and procedures where these exist; they may be less formally documented with micro-employers


An individual is someone requiring care or support


Carers and others may be:

  • care worker

  • family

  • advocate

  • colleagues

  • managers

  • social worker

  • occupational Therapist

  • GP

  • speech and language therapist

  • physiotherapist

  • pharmacist

  • nurse

  • specialist nurse

  • psychologist

  • psychiatrist

  • independent mental capacity advocate

  • independent mental health advocate

  • advocate

  • dementia care advisor

  • support groups


Best interests:

This is an essential aspect of the Mental Capacity Act (2005). To support the financial health, emotional and social well being of an individual and to take into consideration their past and present wishes and feelings, advance directives, beliefs and values


Key physical and social aspects

Physical:

  • signage

  • colour

  • furniture

  • flooring

  • technology

  • room layout

  • storage

  • space for personal belongings.


Social:

  • communication skills

  • positive approach

  • relationship centred approach

  • professional boundaries

  • abilities focus

  • whole team approach.



Assessment methodology

This unit is assessed in the workplace. Learners can enter the types of evidence they are presenting for assessment and the submission date against each assessment criterion. Alternatively, centre documentation should be used to record this information.


Learning outcomes and assessment criteria



Learning outcomes

Assessment criteria

Evidence type

Portfolio reference

Date

1. Understand key legislation and agreed ways of working that support the fulfilment of rights and choices of individuals with dementia while minimising risk of harm

1.1 Explain the impact of key legislation that relates to fulfilment of rights and choices and the minimising of risk of harm for an individual with dementia


1.2 Evaluate agreed ways of working that relate to rights and choices of an individual with dementia


1.3 Explain how and when personal information may be shared with carers and others, taking into account legislative frameworks and agreed ways of working












2. Be able to maximise the rights and choices of individuals with dementia

2.1. Demonstrate that the best interests of an individual with dementia are considered when planning and delivering care and support


2.2 Demonstrate how an individual with dementia can be enabled to exercise their rights and choices even when a decision has not been deemed to be in their best interests


2.3 Explain why it is important not to assume that an individual with dementia cannot make their own decisions


2.4 Describe how the ability of an individual with dementia to make decisions may fluctuate











3. Be able to involve carers and others in supporting individuals with dementia



3.1 Demonstrate how carers and others can be involved in planning support that promotes the rights and choices of an individual with dementia and minimises risk of harm


3.2 Describe how a conflict of interest can be addressed between the carer and an individual with dementia whilst balancing rights, choices and risk


3.3 Describe how to ensure an individual with dementia, carers and others feel able to complain without fear of retribution











4. Be able to maintain the privacy, dignity and respect of individuals with dementia whilst promoting rights and choices

4.1 Describe how to maintain privacy and dignity when providing personal support for intimate care to an individual with dementia


4.2 Demonstrate that key physical aspects of the environment are enabling care workers to show respect and dignity for an individual with dementia


4.3 Demonstrate that key social aspects of the environment are enabling care workers to show respect and dignity for an individual with dementia














Learner name:

Date:

Learner signature:

Date:

Assessor signature:

Date:

Internal verifier signature:
(if sampled)

Date:




Unit 43: Understand and Enable Interaction and Communication with Individuals who have Dementia

Unit code:

DEM 312

Unit reference number:

Y/601/4693

QCF level:

3

Credit value:

4

Guided learning hours:

30



Unit summary

This unit provides the opportunity for the learner to develop and implement the qualities of an effective relationship with individuals with dementia. This is based on the use of positive interactions and communication skills.


Fobidden combinations

Learners taking the Edexcel Level 2 Diploma in Health and Social Care (Adults) for England (QCF) must not take this unit with:

Unit 15: Undersand the Factors that can Influence Communication and Ineraction with Individuals who have Dementia (DEM 205, T/601/9416)

Unit 18: Understand the Role Of Communication And Interactions With Individuals Who Have Dementia (DEM 308, L/601/3539)

Unit 39: Understand and Enable Interaction and Communication with Individuals with Dementia (DEM 210, A/601/9434).

Assessment requirements

Units need to be assessed in line with the Skills for Care and Development QCF Assessment Principles.


Additional Information


Carers eg:

  • partner

  • family

  • friends

  • neighbours.


Others eg:

  • care worker

  • colleague

  • manager

  • social worker

  • occupational therapist

  • GP

  • speech and language therapist

  • physiotherapist

  • pharmacist

  • nurse

  • psychologist

  • admiral Nurses

  • independent mental capacity advocate

  • community psychiatric nurse

  • dementia care advisors

  • advocate

  • support groups.

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