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Chapter 30 Test Bank
1. During the second half of the nineteenth century, as Western industrialization accelerated, ________ came to rival Romanticism both as a style and as an attitude of mind.
2. The heavy hand of Western ________ in some parts of Africa, Asia, and in the Middle East had a crippling effect on independent growth and productivity.
b. civil wars
3. ________ is a social theory forwarded by Jeremy Bentham, stating governments should work to secure the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people.
4. Society should operate entirely in the interest of the needs of the people, communally and cooperatively, rather than competitively, according to which of the following?
5. Which of the following early social theories was firmly based in the ideals of the Enlightenment?
6. The leading proponent of liberalism, ________, defended the exercise of individual liberty as protected by the state.
7. The most popular English novelist of this period of history was which of the following?
8. Which of the following initiated a variant form of literary Realism known as naturalism?
9. Which of the following was the Norwegian dramatist who shocked his contemporary audiences with such subject matters as incest, insanity, and venereal disease?
10. Photography and ________ were invented during the nineteenth century; both encouraged artists to produce objective records of their surroundings.
11. In painting, ________ led the Realist movement with canvases depicting the activities of humble and commonplace men and women
12. ________ shocked public taste by modernizing Classical subjects and violating conventional painting techniques.
13. Paxton’s ________, the world’s first prefabricated cast-iron structure, offered a prophetic glimpse into the decades that would produce steel-framed skyscrapers.
a. Golden Gate Bridge
b. Pennsylvania Station
c. Eiffel Tower
d. Crystal Palace
14. In the opera Madame Butterfly, the Italian “verist” Giacomo Puccini presented a timely view of
a. European aristocrats at leisure.
b. America’s imperialistic presence in Asia.
c. an absolutist monarch.
d. the European obsession with nature.
15. By the mid-nineteenth century the ________ was used to document all aspects of contemporary life as well as to provide artists with detailed visual data.
d. optical lens
16. Define the factors that contributed to Western global dominion: industrialism, colonialism, nationalism, and imperialism.
17. Describe the social theories of both Mill and Marx.
18. Discuss the shift from Romanticism to Realism in literature, the visual arts, and music.
19. Define these technologies as vehicles of Realism: journalism, photography, and lithography.
20. Differentiate between the theories of liberalism, conservatism, utilitarianism, and socialism.